When travelling it is important to be informed about the destination, endemic diseases, required vaccinations, and the health system of the country visited, as well as general medical advice.
A top priority is to purchase a good travel insurance giving good coverage not only for unexpected problems, but also for pre-existing conditions, as well as covering dental emergencies, psychiatric problems, pregnancy problems, and others.
It is important to heed some general tips during your trip:
Not to expose yourself to the sunlight without an adequate sunscreen with a protection factor appropriate to your skin type. When sunbathing avoid the sun in the middle of the day.
Drink plenty of liquids but avoid alcoholic drinks. Taking these precautions will prevent sunburn, dehydration, blisters, premature skin aging, sunstroke, and skin cancer.
One of the most typical tourist illnesses is acute otitis (earache) often caused by prolonged swimming sessions in hotel pools. If it causes discomfort seek medical help.
Special care should be taken with food and drinking water. Bottled drinking water should always be used and meals should be eaten at recommended restaurants with good standards of hygiene in order to avoid vomiting and diarrhea, parasitosis and dehydration.
Carry a first aid kit containing paracetamol, ibuprofen or other analgesic for pain, inflammation and fever. For cases of osteomuscular inflammation and pain, an anti-inflammatory cream such as diclofenac; for cases of nausea and vomiting, motilium will help; and for diarrhea Imodium can be used except in cases where there is severe pain and high fever. To complete your first aid kit gauzes, bandages and plasters will be useful in the case of mishaps.